here it comes folks, the newest brainchild from Lake county..."Wolf branch innovation boulevard" (aka the 4-Laning of Wolf branch Road) a nightmare to feed traffic from CR437, sr429/453, sr46 & HWy 441 to the newly approved round lake road extension & 439 connection


Yes, This Impacts You !

The Lake County Commissioners Voted to Approve the Round Lake Road Extension on MAY 7th Effectively wiping out a large rural area of East Lake county with long term widespread issues impacting our community including our Water, Wolfbranch Road being widened and potentially hundreds if not thousands of new houses being built in the area.

Thanks for Nothing Commissioners...We Will Remember This Leslie Campione when you're up for re-election! 

Please sign the No Build Petition at the Link Below and Help Keep our Community 

as we love it.


Ask Questions Now!

What is  Wolf Branch Innovation Boulevard? An ongoing 2018/19 study on the potential to 4 - lane Wolf Branch Road from Round Lake Road to CR437 - this directly correlates to the plans that Mount Dora and Lake County have to ramrod the Round Lake Road Extension to 439 Connection down the taxpayers throats. This is another piece of the Round Lake Road Extension/Wolf Branch Innovation District puzzle to wipe out all semblance of our rural area.


Conflicts of Interest Abound!



Lake County Commissioners Continue to Disappoint the approving the liner source migrant worker housing camp off thrill hill road & CR44a

*PLEASE Be Sure and Thank the Commissioners for Another Royal Screw Up That We All Now Have to Live With by Sending Them an Email Voicing Your Displeasure and Letting Them Know They Will NOT Have Your Vote in the Future*

Once again the Lake County Commissioners lead by Leslie Campione have ignored the wishes of the taxpayers by voting 5/0 to approve the Liner Source Migrant Worker Housing Camp. All to benefit one family and 196 non-U.S. citizen migrant workers with no regard for the existing long time residents, families or properties.

In the opinion of many, the decision of Commissioner Campione and likely the other commissioners were made long before today's board meeting. You can read what she posted on her personal facebook page on May 9th below and decide for yourself.


Another example of the commissioners exacting their will upon the taxpayers...they voted to approve this nightmare project as well

A Nightmare Becomes a Reality, Compliments of the LCBOCC

Round Lake Road Project Development and Environment (PD&E) Study which is focusing on proposed transportation improvements North along existing Round Lake Road from Meadowland Drive in Orange County to Wolf Branch Road in Lake County and continuing the proposed improvements on a new alignment North of Wolf Branch Road to North of State Road 44. This corridor is located partially within the City of Mount Dora and in unincorporated Lake County and is approximately 4.75 miles in length.

This so called "improvement", which will actually be a four lane 55 mph highway will prove to be devastating to our area, as issues such as fresh water contamination from surface water run off, from an additional 22,000 vehicles per day utilizing the roadway, and the planned housing development  will further add unnecessary pollutants into our aquifer. This new unwarranted road construction will destroy  hundreds of acres of natural environment and wildlife habitat, not to mention completely ruin the lifestyle and property values of the residents adjacent to the proposed route who could potentially have a highway feet from their properties, all in the quest for property tax dollars and to allow the City of Mount Dora to annex agricultural lands currently located within Lake County proper. This is dirty business folks, we need to stand together, protect our rights and make certain that the Lake County Commissioners and City Officials do right by us. TOO LATE, THEY SCREWED THE PAXPAYERS AGAIN! 

Below are links to the Resist Round Lake Road Extension page on Facebook,

the PD&E Study which is completely ridiculous and proves our voices were Not heard and totally dismissed the evaluation of other potential routes ignoring the NO BUILD Option and the 

PD&E Share Your Thoughts Link


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this just the beginning folks, just wait until you see what they have planned for tiny lake county

       Leslie Shamrock Campione

441 is being widened from Donnelly to the new fly over on 441 and 46; and 437 is being widened too; and SR 44 aka 44B (Airport) is being widened...but each of these routes only helps distribute traffic; as explained  above, Britt is the only other N-S route and to accommodate the traffic from there to Round Lake Road, Wolf Branch would have to be widened, because people will travel where they want to travel and they want to travel north and south to the new Wekiva interchange.

What Everyone Should be asking

is - What is Wolf Branch Innovation Boulevard?

It is the four-laning of Wolfbranch Road from CR437 to Round Lake Road

You've never heard of it by design, as it will feed thousands of vehicles to the newly

 approved Round Lake Round Extension 

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Conceived in 2010 and deceived in 2019

Lake-Sumter MPO Transportation 2035


Apparently, Lake County and Mount Dora believe no one is aware of their collaborated efforts to erase the rural lifestyle that many moved to Lake County to enjoy.

This "Improvement" was adopted in 2010 and is Now Being Forced On Us in 2019


The Route was already drawn and on the map in 2010...The residents of Lake County should find this interesting and disturbing.

Notice the Adoption Date!


Adopted in 2010 and being implemented exactly as planned in 2019 without regard to community input...Thanks for ignoring OUR opinion Lake County. Don't forget WE The People elect the County Commissioners.

This is Hilarious


An impossibility with the existing Board of Lake County Commissioners when they vote to approve projects like the Round Lake Road Extension

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potential Threats to our fresh water supply

Contaminated Water IS the Greatest Threat We Will Ever Face, Get Informed!

4/8/2019  As Copied from FB Resist Round Lake Road Extension, Written by a Local Resident after being approached by individuals who identified themselves as being from the Lakes of Mount Dora 

To: Loch Leven & CCMD Water Front Neighbors
Re: Excavations to Link the Waters of Loch Leven Lake with Lakes of Mount Dora 

 Last week we noticed some workers from Lakes of Mount Dora walking around our property line by the lake. When we inquired what they were doing one of them responded that they were checking prior to excavating and removing an old land bridge blocking an equally old artificial canal leading to the Lakes of Mount Dora artificial lakes. This is the same project that decades ago the previous owner of that property, Sheriff Noel "Evie" Griffin (RIP), attempted to do and was blocked by the Water Management Authority because historically Loch Leven was Mount Dora’s drinking water source.
Back when he dug the artificial canal and when he was ready to open the drainage from the lake, someone reported him, and therefore was ordered to stop and cover back all the dig. However, he did not. The canal he dug is still there as a wetland between CCMD and Lakes of Mount Dora. The only thing he did at the time was to build a land bridge to stop the drainage from the lake.
 What Lakes of Mount Dora appears to be planning to do is to remove the land bridge again in order to connect the lake to their property. The objective is not very clear, but may be part of their storm management plan which effectively will make the waters of their artificial ponds to drain into Loch Leven -and with that any pollutants they may contain. 

The Lakes of Mount Dora sits on the headwaters of Wolf Branch Creek and recently have been on the news and under scrutiny and watch from the Saint Johns River water management district, because of all the sediment being dumped into Wolf Branch Creek, which is polluting Wolf Branch Sink going directly into the Floridian Aquifer. It may be that this new plan is an alternative to avoid that, as the flow of the water will go on the opposite direction into Loch Leven.  
 Loch Leven, the historical drinking water of the city of Mount Dora, is a seepage lake, and is the initial body of water that drains under ground into Lake Joanna, which drains eventually into Trout Lake and finally lake Eustis and Ocklawaha River. All these are part the Ocklawaha river basin. However, the unique thing about Loch Leven is that being the second highest spring fed lake in
peninsular Florida, it has very good and clean water quality, therefore the historical drinking water for the area. So, connecting Lakes of Mount Dora to Loch Leven will ruin all that hydrology and ecosystem with the polluted waters from the artificial ponds on Lakes of Mount Dora development.
 When water management stopped this project decades ago, it was precisely to protect that water quality of the very unique Loch Leven. Since this creek/canal was put in place decades ago, by now it has been considered as a conservation easement and should remain as such (FS 704.06 Conservation easements; creation; acquisition; enforcement).  Nevertheless Lakes of Mount Dora was able to secure a permit from Saint Johns River Water Management District through some loophole somewhere. Their permit #94389-9 and was signed by  Bill Carlie,  Phone 407-659-4833  E-mail: ,  who may not know or care about the history and importance of this lake for Mount Dora. 

There is an increase number of concerned residents voicing their opposition to this careless project, many of them directly in the are of impact, and more are starting to voice their opinions. 

However the HOA of Loch Leven has shown no interest at all on this issue as they have negotiated some deals with Lakes of Mount Dora.

If you are concerned please call and or forward this letter to all contacts: below:
Saint John’s Water Management District (352) 329-4500

- Lake County Water Authority (352) 324-6141

- Commissioner Leslie Campione, District 4, Lake County Board of County Commissioners 

315 W. Main Street, Tavares, FL 32778  (352) 343-9850   Email:


Hydrologic Description  

The Hydrologic Description of Lake County is approximately 1,172 square miles in size and includes a portion of the Ocala National Forest.  Average rainfall is approximately 51 inches and much of the County provides recharge to the Floridan Aquifer, Florida's prime supply of potable water.  The County lies on the central Florida hydrologic divide which causes discharge of surface and intercepted groundwater to both the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.  Elevations range from near sea level along the St. Johns River to over 300 feet at Sugar Loaf Mountain. The County is aptly named because of the presence of more than 1,300 lakes.  Most of these lakes were created by erosion of underlying carbonaceous bedrock causing karst topography and sinkholes connecting surface waters to the aquifers.  Two stream-to-sinkhole systems have been identified: Wolf Branch sink east of Mount Dora, and the Shocklee Heights area sink in the Ocala National Forest northeast of Lake Dora.  Portions of the County contain considerable physical relief (e.g., Mount Dora Area) with well drained soils while other portions are flat and comprised of extensive wetlands (e.g., Little Everglades).  Surface streams and rivers, such as the Ocklawaha and Withlacoochee Rivers convey surface and groundwater discharges out of the County on their way to the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico, respectively.  The Lake County Conservation and Groundwater Recharge Elements provide further details on conservation and groundwater aspects of the hydrology of Lake County. The following paragraphs provide brief descriptions of the five major hydrologic basins in Lake County:  Ocklawaha River, Withlacoochee River, Wekiva River, Kissimmee River, and the St. Johns River.  These descriptions provide basic facts about location, size, and stream systems.  

Ocklawaha River Approximately 50 percent of the County lies within the Ocklawaha River Basin which extends from Polk County to the south and Marion County to the north. 

Withlacoochee River Approximately 17 percent of the County lies within the Withlacoochee River Basin which extends from the northwestern part of the County adjacent to the Town of Lady Lake to the southwest in the area of the Green Swamp, which is a large wetland area that serves as the headwaters for several river systems.

Wekiva River Approximately 18 percent of the County lies within the Wekiva River Basin.  Located in the northeastern part of the County, the basin extends from Lake Dorr southeasterly along Blackwater Creek to its confluence with the Wekiva River, near the Lake/Orange County border.  At this point, the Wekiva River flows northeast joining the St. Johns River which discharges into the Atlantic Ocean at Jacksonville, Florida.  

Kissimmee River Approximately 2 percent of the County lies within the Kissimmee River Basin.  Located in the southeastern part of the County, the basin extends from Trout Lake to the Lake/Polk County border. 

St. Johns River Approximately 14 percent of the County flows directly into the St. Johns River.  Located in the northeastern part of the County, the basin extends from the Alexander Springs in the Ocala National Forest to the Town of Astor adjacent to the river.

- Regional Aquifer Characteristics 

The Groundwater Recharge and Conservation Elements present various data on regional aquifer characteristics; however, it is important to correlate the following issues to surface and stormwater management: Lake County contains extensive recharge areas for the Floridan Aquifer; therefore, recharge protection is essential for potable water supplies for the area. Discharges to groundwater via sinkholes in Karst areas and discharges via drain wells can adversely impact the quality of water supplies.  

- US Geological Survey - Hydrology of the Wolf Branch Sinkhole Basin, Lake County, East-Central Florida


A 4-year study of the hydrology of the Wolf Branch sinkhole basin in Lake County, Florida, was conducted from 1991-95 by the U.S. Geological Survey to provide information about the hydrologic characteristics of the drainage basin in the vicinity of Wolf Sink. Wolf Branch drains a 4.94 square mile area and directly recharges the Upper Floridan aquifer through Wolf Sink. Because of the direct connection of the sinkhole with the aquifer, a contaminant spill in the basin could pose a threat to the aquifer. The Wolf Branch drainage basin varies in hydrologic characteristics from its headwaters to its terminus at Wolf Sink. Ground- water seepage provides baseflow to the stream north of Wolf Branch Road, but the stream south of State Road 46 is intermittent and the stream can remain dry for months. A single culvert under a railroad crossing conducts flow from wetlands just south of State Road 46 to a well-defined channel which leads to Wolf Sink. The basin morphology is characterized by karst terrain, with many closed depressions which can provide intermittent surface-water storage. Wetlands in the lower third of the basin (south of State Road 46) also provide surface water storage. The presence of numerous water-control structures (impoundments, canals, and culverts), and the surface-water storage capacity throughout the basin affects the flow characteristics of Wolf Branch. Streamflow records for two stations (one above and one below major wetlands in the basin) indicate the flow about State Road 46 is characterized by rapid runoff and continuous baseflow, whereas below State Road 46, peak discharges are much lower but of longer duration than at the upstream station. Rainfall, discharge, ground-water level, and surface-water level data were collected at selected sites in the basin.  The path of a constituent entering the aquifer through Wolf Sink generally would be to the east, following the gradient of the regional ground-water flow system. The conductance of Wolf Sink (the rate at which the sink conducts water to the underlying aquifer) was estimated from streamflow data, ground-water levels, and water levels in Wolf Sink. The range of hydrologic conditions during the study provided a basis for the determination of a representative conductance value. 


Kevin Spear of The Sentinel Staff


The Sacramento River in California and Wolf Branch in Lake County might have never been uttered in the same breath until recently, when talk turned to poisoned drinking water.

But the normally dry branch began flowing with the rains of past weeks. The branch flows south under State Road 46, over a waterfall, and into a sinkhole where it drains into the Floridan Aquifer, the prime source of Central Florida's drinking water.

The link with the Sacramento River is this: Two weeks ago, a train derailment dumped 20,000 gallons of weed killer into the river, which feeds Shasta Lake, which provides drinking water for northern Californians.

Instead of weed killer, local water experts are worried about a gas spill from S.R. 46 into Wolf Branch, an environmental nightmare from which there could be no waking. If a gas spill seems unlikely, consider the thoughts of well driller Sam Wiggins of Sorrento.

"If a dog or a raccoon or a gator dies in Wolf Branch and he rots, he's going in the aquifer," Wiggins said while easing his four-wheel-drive pickup to the lip of Wolf Branch Sink. "Would you drink that?"

In the past few days, up to 3,000 gallons of water a minute have been flowing down the branch into the aquifer.

Wolf Branch Sink isn't far off the beaten track, about a half-mile south of S.R. 46 and a mile east of the Mount Dora city limits. Yet the sink lies hidden under a terrain of hills and live oak trees and can be hard to find without a guide.

Longtime Lake County residents said the sink was a swimming hole years ago. In recent years, however, it has been dry, littered with spent shotgun shells and empty beer cans.

The sink also has been cluttered with tires, rusted appliances, antifreeze jugs, brake fluid cans and other junk. But the flow of Wolf Branch has swept the sinkhole clean, flushing much of its content into the aquifer below.

The chances of swabbing the aquifer clean of gasoline, brake fluid, or any contaminant are slim. Water experts say the technology is uncertain and the cost would be enormous.

So the Lake County Water Authority has taken the lead in looking for ways to prevent contamination. For several months, the water authority's three board members have debated buying about 90 acres surrounding the sink.

If purchased, the water authority could plug the sinkhole or somehow divert water away from it. That decision depends, in part, on a better understanding of the Floridan aquifer beneath Wolf Branch Sink.

The aquifer is a layer of limestone hundreds of feet thick. The hard limestone is full of holes, like a sponge, and contains water.

While the authority wants a clearer picture of what happens when water from the Wolf Branch pours into the aquifer, it has some idea already.

Recently, well water was found to be undrinkable at Peeler Truck Service on S.R. 46, more than a mile east of the sinkhole. Water in sinks and toilets at the repair business is the color of tea, the same color as water in Wolf Branch.

Jim Peeler said his 150-foot well has always provided good water. A half-mile west of the sinkhole on Robie Avenue, Ernie Quinton's well water also turned tea brown about a month ago.

Quinton, Wiggins and the water authority suspect the wells have been tainted by Wolf Branch water circulating through the aquifer.

To make sure, the water authority will consider hiring the U.S. Geological Survey to study what happens when water flows into the sinkhole.

Among several techniques, the U.S. Geological Survey would inject dye into the sinkhole to learn in what direction and how fast water flows through the aquifer.

The agency also would try to predict the extent of flooding that would occur if the sink were plugged.

However, both the land purchase and study could dent the authority's budget. Buying the three tracts surrounding the sink would cost about $420,000. The three-year study would cost another $100,000.

The authority's three-member board already has balked at the cost. But the most conservative member has resigned and the new board member is expected to bring stronger environmental views to the board.

"I think we should push hard on this," said Will Davis, the authority's executive director.

Florida Springs Institute

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Wolf Branch Sink Recharging the Floridian Aquifer

Issues That Require Our Immediate Attention

Currently, East Lake County is being threatened by a variety of projects that will impact our community negatively in many ways to include; damage to fresh water supplies, noise, air and light pollution, destruction of wildlife habitat and many environmental/lifestyle issues. The issue below will each have their own section of information and will be continually updated, so please check back often.

  • Round Lake Round Extension to 439 Connection
  • Migrant Worker Housing Camp off CR44A & Thrill Hill Road
  • The Poisoning of Our Fresh Water Supply
  • High Density Housing & Urban Sprawl
  •  CR437 Planned Unit Development and Other Planned PUDs 

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lovely water, compliments of ...... Lakes of Mount Dora

Wolf Branch Creek Runs Brown with Construction Run-Off from Lakes of Mount Dora Construction Site

By  Katie Sartoris /                                           Posted Mar 25, 2019 at 4:03 PM Updated Mar 27, 2019 at 11:17 AM                         

MOUNT DORA - Last week the water in Wolf Branch Creek looked like chocolate milk.

Runoff from a nearby construction site polluted the creek, turning the water brownish red, potentially threatening wildlife.

And it wasn’t the first time.

The Lake County Water Authority and St. Johns River Water Management District first received complaints early this month about water turbidity. Runoff was discharging silt into the water, turning it a reddish brown color.

Both agencies visited the creek and traced it back to the LAKES OF MOUNT DORA construction site, where a 1,032-lot subdivision is being built.

A contractor was excavating storm water ponds and pumped muddy water into a ditch that drains into Wolf Branch Creek, said Ron Hart, water resource program manager with the Lake County Water Authority.

The mud traveled more than 7,213 feet – about 1.37 miles, he said.

Hart met with the contractor – Professional Dirt Service – and explained that the runoff was creating a water quality violation downstream. Hart gave the contractor a plan to keep the water on-site.

“It didn’t apparently get through the first time,” Hart said.

 It happened again. LCWA and the SJWMD began getting complaints of water turbidity in Wolf Branch Creek late last week.

The district sent a letter to the developer Thursday.

“Please be aware that the District will initiate formal enforcement action and seek penalties if a further discharge that violates these standards is observed at your project,” wrote William Carlie,  

a senior regulatory scientist with the SJWMD. We request you review the item of concern noted and respond in writing within 10 days of receipt of this Compliance Assistance Offer. Your written response should include a description of the corrective actions taken to protect off-site water bodies and prevent further turbid discharges.”

Mount Dora Code Enforcement is looking into it, too. Lisa McDonald, the city’s public information officer, said that the investigation is still in its early stages.

The water had mostly cleared by Monday, but pollution can have lasting impact on the ecosystem.

“The obvious negative effect is on wildlife in particular,” Hart said.

The silt can cause a fish kill, though Hart said he hasn’t gotten reports of dead fish.

Invertebrate species and salamanders also are sensitive to pollution.

“It’s like telling everybody to drink dirty water,” Hart said. “You wouldn’t ask you family to do that. So why would you do that to the aquatic organisms that live downstream?”

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wolf branch creek flows into wolf sink (our aquifer)

Additional Information

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lake county water authority - Hidden waters preserve, buffers our aquifer - protect it!

Additional Information

The Lake County Authority (LCWA) acquired this 90-acre site in 1996 through the LCWA's Land and Preservation Program to protect the seepage slopes, the sinkhole, and the high aquifer recharge areas. The sinkhole and surrounding land were threatened in recent years with illegal dumping of trash and debris. Protection by LCWA will ensure the water quality of the site and provide compatible, passive recreational use for the residents of Lake County. The Preserve is located southeast of the City of Eustis and was formerly known as the Eichelberger Sink. Previous uses of the land include a golf course in the 1940's and 1950's and a citrus grove during the 1980' s, prior to the freezes. During the last 20 years, subdivisions have sprung up around this property, further increasing its value as green space and as an aquifer buffer. The natural communities have been impacted over the years. As a result, the forested uplands around the wetland system and sinkhole are a remnant of the historic forested uplands that once dominated the site. This mix of habitat types attracts bird species in numbers sufficient enough to land the Preserve on the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission's Statewide Birding Trail List. 

For more information about the birding trail, visit 

Human impacts on the property have allowed the site to be invaded. by exotic and aggressive plants such as coral ardisia and camphor. LCWA maintains a control program to combat exotic species of plants that threaten the native vegetation. 

LAKE ALFRED - 0.6 (blue) This trail starts from the Country Club Road parking area and winds around Lake Alfred. This lake was formed over time as water seeped from underground sources and flowed from the northeastern slope. The eroding action of the water shaped the slopes that you see today. The change in elevation is approximately 105 feet. This unique topographical change presents a challenge to area hikers, joggers and power walkers. Wildlife sightings include herons, egrets, ducks, hawks, foxes, raccoons and tmiles. Lake Alfred is very dynamic, rising and lowering with the seasons. High water can flood the trails during the rainy seasons making it difficult for visitors to navigate around the lake. During periods of drought, the lake retreats into the aquifer. This cyclical system allows for the lake bottom to dry up, reducing the buildup of muck and encouraging native aquatic plants to take root when the water returns allowing birds and wildlife to follow. 

- HAMMOCK TRAIL - 0.2 mi. (purple) · The Hammock Trail continues up the southern slope from Lake Alfred to the upland forest. Warblers and woodpeckers favor this tree-canopied habitat for nesting and feeding on insects. The trees, shrubs and plants found in the Preserve are second growth, which have regenerated since the land was cleared. 

- RAVINE TRAIL - 0.4mi. (red) The Lake Alfred Trail transitions into the Ravine Trail as you move from the sinkhole lake up the eastern slope to the uplands. As one ascends the trail, the sound of running water greets the visitor. Groundwater, flowing horizontally from nearby Lakes Irma and Joanna is thought to be the source of this continual supply. Even during times of drought, the water still flows down this little creek and into the sinkhole lake. A shady canopy consisting of sweetgum, laurel oak, pignut hickory, and southern magnolia frames the trail. Although caution is in order, visitors have an opportunity to observe the ravine, one of the highlights of this Preserve. During wet periods, water can be seen seeping from the soil at numerous locations, creating smaller creeks along the wooded slope. Erosion has not only shaped this ravine, but has also impacted the adjacent trees. Native plants that thrive in this unique 

environment include elderberry, royal fem, netted chain fem, and water oak. 

- GOPHER TORTOISE TRAIL - 0.2 mi. (orange) Starting from the Abrams Street parking area this trail runs to the Prickly Pear Trail, through the sandhill restoration area. As you walk along the trail, you may notice the many burrows in the sand. The well-drained soils found on the higher elevations of the property provide prime habitat for the gopher tortoise. Gopher tortoises are listed as a threatened species in Florida due to habitat loss. Tortoise burrows can provide refuge to more than 350 species of animals, ~specially during fires. 

- PRICKLY PEAR TRAIL - 0.3 mi. (yellow) The LCWA is in the process of restoring the uplands in this area to a plant community known as sandhill, which is dominated by longleaf pine, turkey oak, and wiregrass. 

- LONGLEAF PINE TRAIL - 1.5 mi. (green) This trail runs around the perimeter of the property just inside the fence line. As part of the restoration program, young longleaf pines were planted. Most old growth longleaf pines have been logged. Many public agencies are re-introducing this stately Florida native back into the environment because of its importance to endangered animals such as the red cockaded woodpecker and the bald eagle. 

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Lake Alfred - formerly know as The "Eichelberger sink" cleverly renamed...but why??

Aquifer/Water Caution Areas & Vulnerability

Lake County, Florida - Public Facilities Elements Data, Inventory & Analysis 2030 Planning Horizon

Priority Water Resource Caution Areas                                                                                

The St Johns River Water Management District has designated a large portion of Lake County as a ―Priority Water Resource Caution Area. These are areas where existing and reasonably anticipated sources of water and conservation efforts may not be adequate. 

(1) to supply water for all existing legal uses and reasonably anticipated future needs and                                               

(2) to sustain the water resources and related natural systems                                                                                                                                                                                                               

The five constraints established for identifying PWRCAs are impacts to native vegetation, primarily wetlands; impacts to minimum flows and levels, primarily spring flows; impacts to groundwater quality in terms of increased saltwater intrusion; impacts to existing legal users; and failure to identify a source of supply for future development.                                                                                                                                                                                                 

Aquifer Characteristics                                                                                                         

There are two aquifers of general interest in Lake County:  The surficial aquifer acts as a reservoir, collecting and storing rainfall, and is generally only tapped by very small-capacity wells.  It does not have the capacity to deliver public water demands for centralized systems.  It primarily serves as a filter bed and reservoir for storing precipitation that eventually recharges the underlying Florida aquifer system.  The Floridan aquifer underlies all of Lake County and is the principal source of the water used in Lake County.   The FAS has two major water-bearing zones; the Upper Floridan and Lower Floridan zones.  

The Lower Floridan zone has been utilized for many years in Orange County as it is less subject to contamination due to depth.  Currently almost all of the ground water pumped in Lake County comes from the Upper Floridan and the potential for utilizing the lower Florida aquifer is just beginning to be explored.   The Lower Floridan wells in Orange County are 1100 to 1400 feet deep.   Where the confining unit is absent, the surficial and Floridan aquifer are connected and unconfined.  Ground Water Recharge and Discharge The surficial aquifer system (SAS) is recharged by rainfall.  Recharge is augmented locally by artificial recharge, wastewater or reuse water land application, rapid-infiltration basins, and septic systems.   In areas where the water level in the surficial aquifer is higher than the potentiometric surface of the Floridan aquifer, the Floridan aquifer system (FAS) is recharged by the SAS.  These areas include much of the county.  There are also two locations where the FAS receives DIRECT RECHARGE from surface runoff through sinkholes.  These areas are Shockley Heights in the Ocala National Forest and 

WOLF SINK just east of Mt. Dora.  Wells that tap the FAS in these areas are known as flowing artesian wells.  Discharge from the FAS in Lake County, the Ocala National Forest, and vicinity generally occurs through numerous springs, and as diffuse ground-water discharge along the St. Johns River, Wekiva River, the south shore of Lake Harris, and the western shore of Lake Apopka. The ground water in the FAS in the southern half of Lake County moves east into Orange County.  A decrease in ground water recharge or an increase in ground water withdrawals from Lake County will decrease available ground water in counties to the east.  Conversely an increase in pumpage or a reduction of recharge in the eastern counties will decrease available ground water in Lake County and potentially lower level in the Clermont chain of lakes. Lake County, Florida Planning Horizon 2030  Page 84 of 93.  The St. Johns River Water Management District prepared a report and map showing Significant Recharge Areas in Lake County.  This map was prepared using GIS mapping the rapid soil permeabilities grid overlaid on the grid of areas with recharge rates greater than 13 in/yr. Those areas having both rapid soil permeabilities and high recharge rates were identified as ―significant‖ recharge areas.  This map is used primarily to implement voluntary tax assessment programs (Bluebelt Act) that protect high-water recharge areas.  There have been no properties enrolled under the Bluebelt Act.  The objections have been the expense to the property owner to obtain the tax break and the more beneficial agricultural exemption is generally available for qualifying parcels.                                                                                                                             

Significant Recharge Areas in Lake County    

Ground Water Contamination USGS studies indicate that the surficial aquifer system and Upper Floridan aquifer are susceptible to surface contamination and that rapid ground water recharge can allow the aquifer to be susceptible to surface contamination.  They also determined that ―ground-water quality in central Florida is affected by land-use practices, such as the urbanization of karstic terrain with accompanying stormwater disposal through drainage wells, citrus cultivation with accompanying application of large quantities of fertilizers and pesticides, and mining and processing of  Page 85 of 93    phosphate ores into fertilizers… Leachate from fertilizers and pesticides … are most likely to affect the surficial aquifer system. Although water from the surficial aquifer system is not used extensively as a source of public water supply, it does ultimately recharge the Floridan aquifer system. The USGS also indicates that water quality of the Upper Floridan aquifer appears to be affected by land use.    

Aquifer Vulnerability 

The Florida Geological Survey (FGS) has prepared two studies showing the vulnerability of the Floridan aquifer to surface contamination.   One study is specific to the Wekiva Study area while the other one was state-wide.  While the Wekiva Aquifer Vulnerability Assessment (WAVA) map (shown below) does not cover the entire county and the state-wide map was completed to a broad scale, both maps show that the much of the Floridan aquifer within Lake County is ―vulnerable or ―more vulnerable to contamination.  The FGS has adopted a definition of aquifer vulnerability as ―the tendency or likelihood for contaminants to reach the top of the specified aquifer system after introduction at land surface based on existing knowledge of natural hydrogeologic conditions.

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sorrento pines, proposed 400 house Planned unit development on cr437

Voice Your Opposition Now!

BOARD OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS LAKE COUNTY, FLORIDA OFFICE OF THE COUNTY MANAGER                                                        
DATE:  4/12/2019
MEETING DATE:  4/23/2019
TO:  Jeff Cole, County Manager
ITEM TYPE:  Public Hearing
THRU:  ITEM ID: 8489
BY:  Donna Bohrer,
SUBJECT: Request approval of ordinance adjusting the boundaries of the Country
Green Community Development District (CDD).
RECOMMENDATION/REQUIRED ACTION: Approve Request approval of ordinance adjusting the
boundaries of the Country Green Community Development District (CDD). There is no fiscal
Commission District 4 - Leslie Campione
Sorrento Pines, LLC, currently owns the property  
1. Country Greens CDD Agenda
Packet 20190416
2. County Greens CDD Application
Donna Bohrer
Created/Initiated - 4/12/2019
Michele Janiszewski - Approved - 4/12/2019
Tim McClendon - Approved - 4/15/2019
John Molenda - Approved - 4/15/2019
Jennifer Barker - Approved - 4/15/2019
Melanie Marsh - Approved - 4/17/2019
Angela Harrold - FINAL APPROVAL - 4/17/2019
Action: New Continued/Deferred Until:

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